Bitter gourd is a tropical and subtropical vine of the Cucurbitaceae family, and is native to South Asia but is now grown in various regions of the world. It is used as both food and medicine and is considered the bitter of all fruits and vegetables. The abundance of nutrients like vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, phytonutrients and polyphenols etc. makes them very beneficial for us as they provide many health and beauty benefits.
Keeps our digestive system healthy:
Bitter gourd is good for our stomach and improves our digestive health.
The laxative properties of dietary fiber in bitter gourd improve our bowel movements, help in proper elimination of stool, and thus relieve constipation and other gastrointestinal problems such as abdominal pain, irritable bowel syndrome, gas, bloating and flatulence.
Phytonutrients and polyphenols such as vitamin C, vitamin A and other antioxidant compounds protect our digestive system from free radical damage and reduce the risk of colon cancer, colon cancer, colon cancer, colon cancer, and pancreatic cancer. do less.
It has anti-inflammatory properties of vitamin C, so it reduces the risk of ulcer.
Boost Our Immune System:
The antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal properties of the bitter gourd protect us from the ill effects of microbial infections and further strengthens immunity.
Bitter gourd strengthens our immune system, the defense mechanism of the body that prevents and treats microbial infections, injuries, diseases, and wounds.
Antioxidants like vitamin A, vitamin C, and other relevant antioxidantal compounds like phytonutrients and polyphenols protect our immune cells aka white blood cells from free radical damage, and thus strengthens our immunity.
Vitamin C enhances the production of white blood cells in the body and further strengthens our immunity.
With stronger immunity, our risk of getting a cough, cold, fever, and flu, etc reduces drastically.
Controls blood sugar level:
Consuming bitter gourd juice regulates our blood sugar level and helps in managing diabetes.Because of its low glycemic index, it slows down the sugar release into the bloodstream, prevents a sudden spike in blood sugar level, and thus regulates blood sugar level.
Dietary fibers in the bitter gourd reduce the rate at which sugar gets absorbed by the bloodstream and helps in managing diabetes.Polypeptide-P, a phytonutrient in the bitter gourd mimics the action of insulin and lowers the blood sugar levels in diabetic patients.
Other phytochemicals like triterpene, protein, steroid, alkaloid, lipid, and certain phenolic compounds also plays an important role in regulating blood sugar level.
Good for eyes related problems:
Bitter gourd is good for our eyes and improves our ocular health.
Antioxidants like vitamin C, vitamin A and other antioxidantal compounds like phytonutrients and polyphenols protect the eyes from free radical damage, and thus minimizes the risk of age-related macular degeneration, cataract, and glaucoma, etc.
Vitamin A is an essential mineral for our eyes as it improves vision and prevents eye dryness and minimizes the risk of night-blindness.
Helps In Reducing Blood Pressure:
Bitter gourd provides relief from hypertension or high blood pressure, a health condition that affects millions of people around the world and is a prime cause of several cardiovascular problems and other health problems. Potassium, a natural vasodilator present in the bitter gourd relaxes our blood vessels, improves blood circulation, and thus provides relief from hypertension or high blood pressure.
Provides Antioxidantal Benefits:
Bitter gourd provides numerous antioxidantal benefits as they contain antioxidants like vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin E, and other antioxidantal compounds like phytonutrients, polyphenols, and flavonoids, etc.
These antioxidants and associated compounds protect our cells and tissues from free radical damage and thus minimizes the risk of several cancers like colon cancer, lung cancer, intestinal cancer, stomach cancer, and pancreatic cancer, etc.
Additionally, it has several other benefits like improved cardiovascular health, cholesterol management, aids with detoxification, stronger immunity, protection from neurodegenerative diseases, improved respiratory health and better ocular health, etc.