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Central government agrees regarding country’s poisonous ground water

By wasmulhaq 
Updated Date

New Delhi: The government has acknowledged in parliament that the country’s water quality is declining. The numbers provided by the government in the Rajya Sabha are frightening as well as stunning. These numbers indicate that the water we have been drinking up to this point is “poisonous.” It was discovered that the groundwater in the majority of the districts in all the states contained excessive levels of hazardous metals.

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According to a document from the Ministry of Jal Shakti , more than 80 percent of the country’s population gets water from the ground. Therefore, if the amount of hazardous metals in groundwater exceeds the prescribed standard, it means that the water is becoming “poison.”

In the Rajya Sabha, the government has also provided the number of residential areas where the sources of drinking water have been replete with pollution. According to this, 671 areas are affected by fluoride, 814 areas by arsenic, 14,079 areas by iron, 9,930 areas by salinity, 517 areas by nitrate and 111 areas by heavy metals.

Villages are on the receiving end of the comparison with the cities. Almost 60 percent of India’s population resides in the countryside, and hand pumps, wells, rivers, or ponds are the main sources of drinking water. Water is obtained from the ground and it can’t be cleaned, so those who are living in villages have to drink contaminated water.

The presence of exceeding amounts of arsenic, iron, lead, cadmium, chromium, and uranium in groundwater affects our health.

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Excess presence of arsenic means an increased risk of skin diseases and cancer, while the extra presence of iron is dangerous for our nervous system, which leads to diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. The presence of high levels of cadmium is detrimental to our kidneys. However, an excess of chromium can cause diffuse hyperplasia in the small intestine, which can lead to tumors.

 Government measures

The central government told Parliament that water is a state subject, so respective state governments are responsible for providing safe drinking water. However, the central government has been running several schemes to provide clean drinking water.

On July 21, the government told the Lok Sabha that the Jal Jeevan Mission started in 2019. Under this scheme, water is set to be available to every rural household through taps by 2024.

Apart from this, the AMRUT 2.0 scheme was started by the Union government in October 2021 with the target of supplying tap water to all cities in the next 5 years, i.e., by 2026.

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