New Delhi: On Saturday, the search giant Google paid tribute to Indian mathematician and physicist Satyendra Nath Bose for his contribution to the Bose-Einstein Condensate with a Doodle. On this day in 1924, mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose sent his quantum formulations to Albert Einstein who immediately recognized it as a significant discovery in quantum mechanics.
On January 1, 1894, SN Bose was born in Kolkata. Bose’s father was an accountant. He used to write an arithmetic problem for Bose. This ignited his interest in mathematics. At age 15, Bose began pursuing a Bachelor of Science degree at Calcutta’s Presidency College. Today, he is well known for inventing the ‘foundation for Bose statistics’ and the ‘theory of the Bose condensate’ in quantum mechanics in the early 1920s. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society and received the Padma Vibhushan, India’s second-highest civilian honour, from the Indian government in 1954. He was also appointed as ‘National Professor’, India’s highest honour for academics.
By 1917, Bose began giving lectures on physics. While teaching postgraduate students Planck’s radiation formula, Bose had questioned the way particles were counted and began experimenting with his own theories. Any particle that conforms with Bose’s statistics today is known as a boson. Many scientific inventions have come from his work which includes the discovery of the particle accelerator and the God particle.
He documented his findings in a report called Planck’s Law and the Hypothesis of Light Quanta, and had sent it to a prominent science journal called The Philosophical Magazine. When his research was rejected, he decided to mail his paper to Albert Einstein. The Indian government recognised Bose’s tremendous contribution to physics by awarding him one of the highest civilian award in the country, the Padma Vibhushan. He was also appointed as National Professor, the highest honour in India for scholars.
Bose went on to serve as president of many scientific institutions, including the Indian Physical Society, National Institute of Science, Indian Science Congress and the Indian Statistical Institute. He was also an adviser to the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, and later became a Fellow of the Royal Society.