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Highest-definition NASA images yet, shows cluster of galaxies; Atmosphere of distant planet in great detail

By Ruchi Upadhyay 
Updated Date

New Delhi: The universe like you have never seen it before. Highest-definition NASA images yet. NASA’s new Space Telescope delivers deepest image of universe that shows cluster of galaxies. Atmosphere of distant planet in great detail. Reveals emerging stellar nurseries and individual stars in the Carina Nebula that were previously obscured.

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Two cameras aboard the James Webb Space Telescope- world’s largest and most powerful space telescope- captured the latest image of planetary nebula NGC 3132, known as the Southern Ring Nebula. It is approximately 2,500 light-years away from the Earth.

The NASA chief told about these pictures that these are the most high-resolution pictures of the universe ever taken. NASA claims that this is the most distant and most detailed picture of the universe so far, in which the Milky Way is also visible. The NASA chief said that it takes billions of years for their light to reach the Earth. NASA chief Bill Nelson told that this photo is of the 4.6 billion year old star cluster SMSCS 0723. He told that the total weight of this group of stars acts like a gravitational lens. It spreads the light coming from the galaxies behind it.

The stars at the centre are prominent in the image. from Webb’s NIRCam on the left while the image from Webb’s MIRI on the right shows for the first time that the second dimmer star is surrounded by dust. The brighter star is younger and will probably project its own planetary nebula in the future.

Explaining what NASA called the “dying star’s final dance”, the space agency said that in the images the dimmer star that can be seen at the centre sends out rings of gas and dust in all directions. This phenomenon takes place for thousands of years and has now been captured by NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope for the first time showing the star cloaked in dust.

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The Southern Ring Nebula can be seen almost face-on in the image.

“But if we could rotate it to view it edge-on, its three-dimensional shape would more clearly look like two bowls placed together at the bottom, opening away from one another with a large hole at the center,” NASA said.

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Cosmic cliffs and the blistering birthplace of stars:

Shedding light into galaxy evolutions and black holes:

NASA announces first image:

The stars and their layers of light can be seen clearly in the image from Webb’s Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam) on the left, while the image from Webb’s Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI) on the right shows the second star is surrounded by dust.

“The brighter star is in an earlier stage of its stellar evolution and will probably eject its own planetary nebula in the future,” NASA noted.

The brighter star has an influence on the overall appearance of the nebula. Both the stars continue to orbit, as “they stir the pot of gas and dust, causing asymmetrical patterns”.

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James Webb telescope was constructed by aerospace giant Northrop Grumman Corp and was launched to space for NASA and its European and Canadian counterparts in December 2021 from French Guiana.

President Joe Biden praised
Regarding these latest pictures of the universe by NASA, US President Joe Biden said that these pictures prove that America can do great things. He said that nothing is beyond America’s capabilities. Joe Biden said about these photos that after this the perspective of looking at the universe will change.

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