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Know why our neighbour Pakistan celebrates freedom a day before us

By Saima Siddiqui 
Updated Date

Islamabad: Our neighbouring country Pakistan is celebrating its 75th Independence Day today on August 14th, a day before India, which is all set to go down the memory lane and remember its martyrs who gave their lives to free their motherland from the clutches of British rule.

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We all know, the Indian Independence Act, 1947, gave birth to two sovereign countries, India and Pakistan, on August 15 that year but instead of celebrating Independence Day on August 15th, Pakistan observes it a day before on August 14, unlike India. So, to all curious minds who are keen to know why the two nation, who liberated on the same day, celebrate their Independence on two deferent days, here is all you need to know:

To start with, we would first like to tell you about multiple theories which have been floating around this celebration over the years, some of those are:

The first one is that On August 14, 1947, Lord Mountbatten – the last Viceroy of British India and the first Governor-General of the Dominion of India – transferred the power of governance of Pakistan to its founder, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, in Karachi. Though Mountbatten mentioned August 15 as the date on which the two countries would become independent nations, Pakistan adopted August 14 as its Independence Day as the transfer of power took place on that date.

Second, that justifies August 14 as Pakistan’s Independence Day refers to a cabinet meeting, in June 1948, chaired by Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan, it was proposed that the country celebrate its Independence Day before India. The proposal was taken to Jinnah for his approval and the date was advanced to August 14.

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Meanwhile, the third theory cites religion as one of the reasons. It is argued that the intervening night of August 14 and 15, 1947, coincided with the 27th day of Ramadan, which is regarded as an auspicious day of the holy month. Hence, August 14 was taken as the day of independence.

For the fourth one we have different time lines reason. Indian Standard Time (IST) being 30 minutes ahead of the Pakistan Standard Time (PST) is also cited as a reason. Since India became a free country at 00:00 hours on August 15, the local time in Pakistan was 11:30pm on August 14, and hence the latter celebrates its independence on this date.

As our neighbouring country celebrates its 75th Independence Day, today, let’s wish the nation success, prosperity and peace.

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