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PM Modi’s Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0 promises ‘garbage free, water secure cities’

By Saima Siddiqui 
Updated Date

New Delhi: Addressing an event at the Ambedkar International Centre in New Delhi, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 1 launched the second phase of Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) aimed at making all Indian “cities garbage-free” and water-secure and calling it an “important step in fulfilling dreams of BR Ambedkar”.

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“The aim of Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0 is to make the cities garbage-free. With this second phase, we are aiming to achieve sewage and safety management, making cities water-secure and ensuring that dirty nullahs don’t merge into rivers,” Modi said at the launch of the Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0 and  AMRUT 2.0 in the Capital.

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Swachh Bharat Mission (Clean India mission) succeeded not only because lakhs of toilets were built or waste processing was raised to 70 percent “but also because PM Modi made this project into a ‘Jan Andolan’ ”, Union Housing and Urban Affairs Minister Hardeep Singh Puri said at the launch of Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0.

These flagship programs signify a step forward in march towards effectively addressing the challenges of rapidly urbanising India and would also help towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals 2030, a statement from the prime minister’s office had said on September 30.

Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0 envisions to make all cities ‘Garbage Free’ and ensure grey and black water management in all cities other than those covered under AMRUT, make all urban local bodies “as ODF+” and those with a population of below 1 lakh “as ODF++”, thereby achieving the vision of safe sanitation in urban areas.

An area is declared ODF+ if in a day, not a single person is found defecating and/or urinating in the open and all community and public toilets are functional. The ODF++ requires safe management and treatment of faecal sludge and sewage, with no discharging or dumping in drains, water bodies or open areas.

The Swachh Bharat Mission aims to eliminate open defecation in the country.

The Mission will focus on source segregation of solid waste, utilising the principles of 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle), scientific processing of all types of municipal solid waste and remediation of legacy dumpsites for effective solid waste management.

The outlay of SBM-U 2.0 is around ₹1.41 lakh crore, the statement said.

AMRUT 2.0 aims to provide 100 percent coverage of water supply to all households in around 4,700 urban local bodies by providing about 2.68 crore tap connections and 100 percent coverage of sewerage and septage in 500 AMRUT cities by providing around 2.64 crore sewer/septage connections, which will benefit more than 10.5 crore people.

It will adopt the principles of circular economy and promote conservation and rejuvenation of surface and groundwater bodies.

The mission promotes data-led governance in water management and technology sub-mission to leverage latest technologies and skills.

Pey Jal Survekshan (potable water survey) will be conducted to promote competition among cities. The outlay of AMRUT 2.0 is around ₹2.87 lakh crore.

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