The home ministry stated clearly that the suicide rate among daily wage earners in the country had increased about three times between 2014 to 2021.
New Delhi: The home ministry stated clearly that the suicide rate among daily wage earners in the country had increased about three times between 2014 to 2021. This was revealed by the home ministry while replying to Congress MP Mohammad Javad’s question regarding suicide rates in the country.
The ministry mentioned that 15,735 daily wage workers committed suicide in 2014, which has now reached 4,2004 in 2021. It means that 43 people committed suicide every day in 2014, but there were 115 in 2021.
Suicide rates have risen sharply in five states between 2014 to 2021: Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, and Gujarat.
The data makes it clear that 3880 daily wage earners committed suicide in Tamil Nadu in 2014, and the figure reached 7673 in 2021.
Similarly, in 2014, 2239 daily wage workers killed themselves in Maharashtra; the number touched 5270 in 2021. In Madhya Pradesh, 1248 daily wage earners committed suicide in 2014, and this number rose to 4657 by 2021.
Telangana and Gujarat
However, 1242 people who earned their livelihood as daily wage workers killed themselves in 2014 in Telangana, and the number rose to 4223 in 2021. Gujarat is not immune to this shocking trend, as it was in 2014, 669 daily wage workers ended their lives, but in 2021 the figure has gone up to 3206.
Gujarat also had its share in this disturbing trend, as in 2014, 669 daily wage earners ended their lives there, but in 2021, their number also increased to 3206.
In fact, some states have seen a drop in the number of suicide rates, while a marginal increase can be seen in a few states during this period.
Bihar and UP
11 daily-wage workers ended their lives in Bihar in 2014, and this number reached 29 in 2021, which is a marginal increase. We move on to the most populous state of the country, Uttar Pradesh, where the available data says that 208 people committed suicide in 2014, which grew to 482 in 2021.
Sikkim has made healthy progress in reducing the suicide rate from 23 daily wagers who killed themselves in 2014, which went down to 22 in 2021.
The government reported in Parliament that the unorganised workers need social security as per the Social Security Act, 2008, which was mentioned to give social security to workers in the unorganised sector, including those who are engaged in the agriculture sector as well.