Climate change has brought East Africa (Horn of Africa), one of the world's poorest regions, to the brink of famine.
Africa:Africa is facing its most severe drought in four decades. Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia (Horn of Africa) have received the least rainfall in the last four seasons and extraordinary conditions are expected to arise in the coming October-December. A new study said that the highest number of 43,000 people died due to drought last year in Somalia alone; Which is not possible without climate change. Worken Gebayehu, executive secretary of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), a body working for regional development, recently said that food is presented to 50 million people in member countries Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Djibouti, Ethiopia, South Sudan and Sudan. A crisis has arisen.
Drought hits Somalia, more than 43 thousand deaths last year:
Civil war is going on in Somalia. Conditions there were already bad because of the fighting, but the drought made things worse. This increased instability in the country. According to the New York Times report, in the year 2022, more than 43 thousand people died due to drought. Most of these were children below the age of 5 years.
The duration of the hot season may increase by 5% every year:
The report says that East Africa has received less rainfall in the last two and a half years, the first time in 70 years that there has been no rain for such a long time and the heat has increased beyond limits. According to the study, every year this period can increase by 5 percent.
Joyce Kimutai, a member of the team of researchers who made the WWA report and a meteorologist at the Kenya Meteorological Department, says that one of the reasons for this is global warming. The temperature is increasing rapidly, compared to which it is not raining. Due to this, there may be famine in many parts of the world.