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What is Monkeypox Virus? know the symptoms of infection and preventive measures

By Ruchi Upadhyay 
Updated Date

Lucknow: The risk of monkeypox or monkey virus has also started increasing. A case of this rare and potentially dangerous monkeypox virus has now been confirmed in the US after monkeypox infection was reported across Europe. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the person who infected with monkeypox had recently traveled to Canada and is now being treated in a hospital. This year the first case of monkeypox has been reported in America.

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Before this, cases of monkeypox have been reported in many countries of Europe. Of these, 7 have been reported in the UK while some cases have also been reported in Portugal and Spain. At the same time, health officials in Canada said that they are investigating 13 cases.

Until now monkeypox was found in only four countries outside Africa. Infections are more common in central and western Africa, where they come from direct contact with infected animals. Let us know what is monkeypox, what are its symptoms, how does it spread and how serious are they?

What is monkeypox?

Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by the ‘monkeypox virus’, which belongs to the same Orthopoxvirus genus that also includes the variola virus that causes smallpox. Monkeypox is a zoonosis, a disease that spreads from infected animals to humans.

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How deadly is monkeypox?

Monkeypox is usually mild, with most patients recovering within a few weeks without treatment. Nevertheless, this disease can prove to be fatal. 10 percent of people infected with monkeypox die.

Monkeypox discovered in 1958

According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a monkey was first kept for research in 1958 where the virus was first discovered. At the same time, this virus was first confirmed in humans in the year 1970.

Monkeypox virus can be transmitted by the bite of an infected animal, or by touching its blood, body fluids, or fur. It is believed to be transmitted through the bites of animals such as rats, rabbits and squirrels. Even if you eat undercooked meat of an animal that is infected with monkeypox, the chances of infection with this disease are high. This virus spreads very rapidly in humans. In a way, it can be said that this is also like untouchability.
You can get monkeypox if you use clothing or bedding from an infected person. The virus can also be spread through sneezing and coughing.

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What are the symptoms of monkeypox?

– Fever
– Headache
– muscle pain
– back pain
– swollen lymph nodes
– chills
– Tiredness
A facial rash usually appears one to five days after experiencing these symptoms. The rash is sometimes confused with chickenpox, as it begins as raised spots that turn into small scabs filled with fluid. Symptoms usually clear up within two to four weeks and the crust falls off.

How monkeypox spread?

The virus can be spread from person to person through close contact with an infected patient. The virus can also enter the body through broken skin, respiratory tract or eyes, nose or mouth. It can also be spread by contact with infected animals such as monkeys, rats and squirrels, or by objects contaminated with the virus, such as bedding and clothing.

Treatment for monkeypox?

Since monkeypox is closely related to the virus that causes smallpox, jabs for smallpox may also protect people from getting monkeypox. Smallpox vaccination has been shown to be 85% effective in preventing monkeypox. However, there is no cure for monkeypox. Patients will need to stay in a specialist hospital so that the infection does not spread and the general symptoms can be treated.

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