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Who is Anna Mani? Google celebrates to mark her 104th birth anniversary with special graphic Doodle

Anna Mani was an Indian physicist and meteorologist, was popularly known as Weather woman of India. Today on her 104th birth anniversary google celebrates with special graphic Doodle. Lets check her journey why she was called country's 1st female scientists.

By Ruchi Upadhyay 
Updated Date

Lucknow: Anna Mani was an Indian physicist and meteorologist. She retired as the Deputy Director General of the Indian Meteorological Department and further served as a visiting professor at the Raman Research Institute. She was one of the country’s first female scientists. Her life’s work and research made it possible for India to make accurate weather forecasts and laid the groundwork for the nation to harness renewable energy. Today Google is celebrating her 104th birth anniversary.

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“Happy 104th birthday, Anna Mani! Your life’s work inspired brighter days for this world,” Google said.

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Anna Mani was born on August 23 in 1918 in Kerala (known as Travancore then). She was an avid reader and by the age of 12, Mani had read almost every book at her public library!

Her education life:
An avid reader all her life, Mani grew up in the former state of Travancore (present-day Kerala). After high school, she did her Intermediate Science course at Women’s Christian College (WCC) and went on to complete a Bachelor of Science with honours in physics and chemistry from Presidency College, Madras.

After graduation, she taught at WCC for a year and won a scholarship for post-graduate studies at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. Here, under the guidance of Nobel Laureate Sir C V Raman, she studied spectroscopy, specializing in diamonds and rubies.

Mani published five papers, completed her PhD dissertation between 1942 and 1945, and also began a graduate program at Imperial College, London, where she learned to specialize in meteorological instrumentation.

Anna Mani started working for IMD in 1948
Anna Mani began working for the India Meteorological Department upon her return to India in 1948, where she helped the country design and manufacture its own weather instruments. In 1953, she became head of the division and under her leadership, more than 100 weather instrument designs were simplified and standardized for production.

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Throughout the 1950s, Mani also established a network of solar radiation monitoring stations and published several papers on sustainable energy measurement.

Further reading:
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