Lucknow: February 4th is celebrated as World cancer day across the world to educate people about this deadly disease that needs to be identified and treated on time. The purpose of celebrating this day is also to make people aware of its symptoms and prevention so that people can save themselves from this disease. According to health experts, cancer can be avoided by making a few changes in lifestyle.
Abstain yourself from tobacco/smoking
Chewing or smoking tobacco can increases the risk of cancer. Where, smoking is more likely to cause cancer of the lungs, mouth, throat, pancreas, chewing tobacco can also pose health risks like gum disease, tooth decay and tooth loss, and possible links to other cancers and cardiovascular disease as more nicotine is absorbed by chewing tobacco than by smoking a cigarette.
Additionally, even if you do not eat tobacco, but often live next to a smoker, then it can also cause lung cancer in you. Smokeless, snuff, or chewing tobacco contains nicotine as well as many known carcinogenic (cancer-causing substances), which means if you chew tobacco you are exposed to more than 25 chemicals that are known to cause cancer. So keep yourself away from cigarettes and tobacco.
Adapt a healthy diet
Avoid taking high calorie food, refined sugar and unhealthy fat. Eat less processed meat and limit alcohol intake. Keep your weight balanced. Include lots of fruits, vegetables and whole grains in your diet. The chances of getting cancer are very less in those who take plant-based diet.
Workout and Exercise
People who maintain a healthy weight have a lower risk of developing cancers like prostate, lung, colon and kidney. For this, keep yourself physically fit and active. According to experts, aerobic activity should be done for at least 150 minutes a week. Do some exercise every day for at least 30 minutes.
Save yourself from strong sunlight
Skin cancer is one of the most common cancers. To avoid this, do not go in the strong afternoon sun. Try to avoid sunlight from 10 am to 4 pm. The rays of the sun are the brightest at this time. Even if it is necessary to go out, stay in the shade as much as possible. Go out wearing sunglasses and hat. Keep the skin covered as much as possible and do not go out without applying sunscreen.
What not to do
To prevent cancer, keep yourself away from some dangerous habits. For example, avoid having unprotected sex. Do not maintain physical intimacy with too many people or else there is a risk of sexually transmitted infection. Anal, liver and lung cancer is more common in HIV patients.
Regular checkups are a must
The early detection of the symptoms of cancer, the sooner the disease can be prevented from spreading. For this, keep getting your medical checkup and cancer screening done from time to time. Get in touch with your doctor and get complete information about the cancer screening schedule from him.