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World Heritage Day on 18 April. Know its history, significance, theme, other deets

By Priyanka Verma 
Updated Date

NEW DELHI : The International Day for Monuments and Sites, also known as World Heritage Day, is an international observance held on 18 April. All over the world this day is celebrated differently with visits to monuments and heritage sites, conferences, round tables and newspaper articles.

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World Heritage Day 2022 History

Back in 1982, the International Council and Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) suggested that it is important for people to be aware regarding the preservation of ancient culture and its historic sites.

Later in 1983, UNESCO adopted the idea during the 22nd General Conference. In order to restore and conserve historical cities, and dying ancient tribes, World Heritage Day is being observed. The day also sheds light on history.

World Heritage Day Significance

The purpose of the day is to encourage local communities and people to recognise the value of cultural heritage in their lives. It also focuses on raising awareness about cultural diversity and the vulnerability of cultural heritage in the context of conservation activities. The goal of commemorating World Heritage Day is to bring people from all around the world together to share information about their history, heritage, and traditions.

It allows people from other communities to learn more about one another and, as a result, promotes cohabitation. ICOMOS organizes grandeur celebrations in collaboration with UNESCO all around the world, and tourism and history enthusiasts participate in such events. However, the world has come to a halt due to the coronavirus lockdown.

As a result, the theme for this year’s ICMOS is Shared Cultures, Shared Heritage, Shared Responsibility, as it is critical for the globe to come together in the face of the ongoing pandemic.

World Heritage Day 2022 Theme

Since 1983, the International Council on Monuments and Sites has set a theme around which events are centred on the day. The theme for World Heritage Day 2022 is “Heritage and Climate”.

The organisation has encouraged partners to show activities that highlight how heritage can be a source of knowledge to fight climate change.

Suggested topics for discussions and events this year include disaster risk (climate-induced, human-induced), vernacular heritage, heritage in conflict, heritage & democracy, indigenous heritage, sacred space, or sacred heritage, according to ICOMOS.

The theme for World Heritage Day 2021 had been Complex Pasts: Diverse Futures.

World Heritage Sites in India

India is home to a total of 3691 monuments and sites. Of these 40 are designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including places like the Taj Mahal, Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves. World Heritage Sites also include natural sites like the Kaziranga National Park in Assam.

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