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World Hypertension Day 2022: Know everything in detail from symptoms of increased blood pressure, from causes to prevention

By Ruchi Upadhyay 
Updated Date

Lucknow: High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the rapidly growing serious health problems globally. Every year millions of people are diagnosed with the problem of high blood pressure in all countries of the world including India. Talking in the context of India, experts advise everyone to be careful about this growing threat.

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If we look at the data, it is found that about 33% of the urban and 25% of the rural population are hypertensive. Only one in ten people in rural areas and one in five people in urban population are able to control the problem of blood pressure. The serious thing is that 60-70 percent of the people do not even know that they are suffering from hypertension until the problem increases.

World Hypertension Day is celebrated every year on 17 May to make people aware about this rapidly growing global disease. According to health experts, the problem of hypertension can happen to anyone, from adults to the elderly, in such a situation it becomes very important for everyone to know about it and keep taking preventive measures. Let us know in detail about the symptoms, causes and prevention of hypertension in the following slides.

High blood pressure problem

According to the American Heart Association, high blood pressure is a condition of increased pressure of blood against artery walls over a long period of time. Blood pressure levels are determined based on how much blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in the arteries. The greater the narrowing of the arteries and the more blood is pumped by your heart, the higher the blood pressure. A blood pressure level of 120/80 mmHg is considered normal.

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Due to increased blood pressure

All people need to know about why blood pressure increases. Habits such as age, family history, lifestyle-eating disorders, obesity, high sodium intake and alcohol-smoking are known to be the main causes.

Some people may have high blood pressure due to underlying health conditions. In this, problems like kidney diseases, adrenal gland tumors, (congenital) defects in blood vessels, overdose of certain drugs are also believed to be responsible.

How to diagnose high blood pressure?

-Headaches: Sometimes these could be triggered by lack of sleep. However, if you are suffering from a throbbing headache way too often, it could be a sign of high blood pressure.

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-Nosebleeds: If your nose bleeds not due to sinusitis, then it could be a sign that you your blood pressure is high and needs to get levels checked.

-Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing and shortness of breath is also an indication for hypertension.

-Irregular heartbeat: Arrhythmia or irregular heartbeats can also occur in hypertension patients. This happens due to uncontrolled pressure at which blood exerts force against artery walls.

-Chest pain: Due to shortness of breath in hypertension patients, in extreme cases, it could also lead to chest pain.

-Chronic high blood pressure increases the complications of atherosclerosis. In this, plaque starts to form on the walls of blood vessels, which increases the narrowing of the arteries.

What is the treatment for high blood pressure?

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High blood pressure is a lifelong problem. As its treatment, it requires attention to control. Lifestyle changes can help control and manage high blood pressure. However, people whose blood pressure remains very high and cannot be controlled by normal measures, doctors can give them medicines, so that the risk of heart diseases can be avoided.

Keep in mind, do not stop these medicines on your own without doctor’s advice. This can lead to sudden increases in blood pressure and, in severe cases, the risk of heart attack. Along with medicines, it is also necessary to pay special attention to measures to control blood pressure.

Ways to control high blood pressure

Bleeding can be controlled by making changes in lifestyle and diet. People whose blood pressure is often elevated or who are at high risk of it should pay attention to keeping the amount of sodium in the diet low. Excess intake of sodium can increase blood pressure.

Apart from this, people who smoke more alcohol are also more prone to it, these things should be avoided at all. Studies show that making a habit of exercising regularly can help keep blood pressure under control.

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