Lucknow: Our country has recently encountered a range of fungal infections which are suggestively linked to comprised immunity and the ways one is getting treatment for Coronavirus. In this list, the most recent one is yellow fungus, which like black fungus and white fungus, is too a fungal infection, but can be rather fatal and deadly as it begins internally.
Yellow Fungus vs Black Fungus vs White Fungus infection:
India has seen an unprecedented rise in the cases of mucormycosis (commonly known as black fungus) and white fungus among Covid-19 patients in several states across the country. Both black and white fungus are caused by mucormycetes, which is present in the environment, but as they impact lungs and other vital organs they can be extremely dangerous.
However, on Monday, reports emerged that a patient in Uttar Pradesh’s Ghaziabad had been diagnosed with “yellow fungus”. Which, as per the available reports, was deemed to be the first such case of yellow fungus and was diagnosed by Dr B.P Tyagi, an ENT (Ear-Nose-Throat) specialist in the district. The patient, a 45-year-old resident of Ghaziabad’s Sanjay Nagar, is also suffering from black and white fungus infections. As per the report, the patient had been undergoing Covid treatment for the past two months and was recovering well. However, in the last four days or so the he developed swelling in his face due to which he was unable to open his eyes. He then began bleeding from his nose and in urine. After this he was rushed to the hospital where examination revealed that it was a case of yellow fungus.
Know what is Black Fungus:
In India, over 10,000 cases of black fungus have been reported so far. The infection affects the nose, face, orbits of the eyes, brain and lungs as well in some cases. The main culprit that has caused a rise in black fungus infection among Covid patients in the country, has been misuse of steroids, as per AIIMS director Dr Randeep Guleria. Covid-19 patients, diabetics, and patients undergoing steroid treatment for longer durations are at a higher risk of contracting it.
Black Fungus symptoms: Black fungus is known to cause chest pain, pain on one side of the face, toothache, discolouration over the nose, breathlessness and chest pain. Delay in treatment can be extremely dangerous.
Know what is White Fungus:
In comparison to black fungus, fewer cases of white fungus have been reported so far. People with low immunity and those living in unsanitary conditions are more prone to catching the white fungus. People suffering from diabetes, cancer or those on prolonged steroid use are more at risk, say experts.
White Fungus symptoms: Some of its symptoms are similar to Covid’s – cough, breathlessness and chest pain; some patients also complain of headaches and swelling. Delay in treatment can be extremely dangerous.
Know what is Yellow Fungus:
Yellow fungus is too a fungal infection, but it can be rather fatal and deadly as it begins internally and unlike the others its symptoms are not visible, due to which its trait often leads to a delay in its diagnosis, said Dr Tyagi. This characteristic of yellow fungus makes it very difficult to manage and more dangerous as early diagnosis is a necessity in such cases.
Yellow Fungus symptoms: Loss of appetite, lethargy and weight loss. In latter stages of the infection patients exhibit sunken eyes due to malnutrition and organ failure, slow healing of wounds and oozing of pus from the wounds, and necrosis (cell injury that leads to death of cells and living tissues).
What is the treatment for Yellow Fungus:
Like mucormycosis, the treatment for yellow fungus is Amphoteracin-B injection, said Dr Tyagi.
Know precautions for Yellow Fungus:
-Keep your room, home and surroundings clean
-Remove stale food and fecal matter immediately to check bacteria and fungal growth on them
-Keep the humidity of the room and home under check as excessive humidity promotes bacteria growth
-Covid-19 positive patients must immediately start treatment so complications like yellow fungus do not develop.